Flame retardant free: Safer Sofa Foam Exchange

 

Going flame retardant free is one of the most important steps you can take to protect your family's health. DSCF0490

“Love your furniture! Is it safe”? Toddlers and pets have the highest exposures to toxic flame retardants leaking from foam furniture. But major efforts are underway to help consumers go flame retardant free. Starting with sofas. Photo by Regina Ryerson.

 

Post updated 1/19/2016

Your sofa may be making your family and pets sick. That’s because most foam sofas in the U.S. — old and new— are leaking toxic flame
 retardant chemicals. But happily, there are safer options! You can buy a flame retardant free sofa. Or, more affordably, swap the foam in your seat cushions for foam that’s flame retardant free.

Is your sofa leaking toxic flame retardants? You might find out here.

 

Flame retardant free options in the San Francisco Bay Area

Flame retardant free options are getting easier to find, thanks to a pilot program in the San Francisco Bay Area called Safer Sofa Foam Exchange.

You can sign up for the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange through the Green Science Policy Institute. Here you can also find S.F. Bay Area stores offering to replace your foam, whether or not you sign up for the program. And stores offering new flame retardant free furniture.

You don’t have to sign up for the program to go flame retardant free. But through the program, you can have your flame retardant levels measured in your body, and in your home.

 

Options for anywhere in the U.S.

The more demand for flame retardant free options, the more retailers will supply. That’s the whole idea behind the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange.

At any upholstery shop, you can request flame retardant free foam. No luck? Try another shop.

Shopping for new furniture? Ask store managers for flame retardant free options. You can find flame retardant free options through Green Science Policy Institute (scroll down). Or through Center for Environmental Health. Be sure to read buying guidelines on each website.

 

The Safer Sofa Foam Exchange in action

I observed a Safer Sofa Foam Exchange operation at Foam Order, a participating retailer in San Francisco, owned by Michael Gorham. Supervisor Enrique Arevalo walked me through the process, explaining each step.

Check out the photos I took, in my Foam Order post. Click on this sample photo to see my entire slideshow.

Replacing the old foam with flame retardant free foam at Foam Order in San Francisco. Foam Order is one of five furniture retailers participating in the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange.

Saul Ordonez of Foam Order replaces foam in a sofa cushion. Foam Order is one of the first retail participants in the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange program. Photo by Regina Ryerson

Learn more about the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange program later in this post.

 

Why flame retardant free?

According to the Green Science Policy Institute (GSP), flame retardants commonly used in most foam furniture are linked to the following.

  • Endocrine disruption
  • Immunotoxicity
  • Reproductive toxicity
  • Cancer
  • Adverse effects on fetal and child development
  • Neurologic function
  • Polluting breast milk, water, soil and wildlife

Update 11/2/14:  A study published by the National Institutes of Health has raised a potential link to the following.

  • Obesity
  • Bone loss

Update 6/10/14: Rodale News lists even more links. The ones I’m hearing about for the first time, specifically, include the following.

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Liver problems
  • Asthma and allergies
  • Autism
  • Pre-term Birth, and Low Birth Weight

Yikes.

 

Keep your home well-vacuumed! Olivia the tuxedo cat, playing with a cat toy on a rug.

Keep your home well-vacuumed, especially where your babies or pets play. Photo by Regina Ryerson.

 

Eating, sleeping and breathing flame retardants

Update November 12, 2014: Science Daily reports that people with the highest levels of specific flame retardants in their body “live in homes that had the highest quantity of the respective chemical in dust”.

In the U.S., California house dust has the among the highest levels of flame retardants. Hey, that’s my state!

Toddlers and pets are exposed the most, thanks to all that time they spend on the floor. Then there’s that hand-to-mouth habit of theirs. Or, in the case of pets, paw-to-mouth.

But we’re all inhaling dust. Constantly. And all sorts of chemical contaminants along with it. Indoor air quality researchers are just starting to study the flame retardants we’re inhaling, and what it might mean for our health. Stay tuned!

 

Some people will go flame retardant free for their children or pets, not for themselves. Here's Casey, a poodle-terrier mix, sleeping on white leather sofa that's covered, messily, with a blanket.

If you won’t go flame retardant free for your own health, then do it for your kids’ health. Or for your pets. Or for our waterways and wildlife, where flame retardants are building up, much of it from our homes.

 

New or old sofa: No age discrimination here

Think your sofa’s too new or old to matter? “Home sofas could be laced with several pounds of flame-retardant chemicals”, says Scientific American. So the older flame retardant-treated sofas leak almost as much as the new.

UPDATE 7/22/14: According to GSP scientist Stephen Naylor, one study of a 30-year-old couch cushion found flame retardants at levels almost identical levels to those in new cushions. “The concentrations used are so high that they do not deplete even after several decades,” said Naylor.

So, your foam will never reform itself, and go flame retardant free. Not without your help.

 

Covering your sofa won’t help. Sorry!

Why bother with a flame retardant free sofa, when you can just cover it?

“Unfortunately, slip covers offer no protection from potentially harmful flame retardants”, says the Institute’s website. “The chemicals are not bound to the foam and can easily travel through a slip cover. The chemicals are constantly dispersing into the air, then settling in dust. Exposure comes primarily from ingesting contaminated dust”.

Leather upholstery won’t help either, I’m surprised to learn. Flame retardant chemicals pass right through closed zippers, with ease.

 

White leather sofa covered with blankets, lighted by a Tiffany Lamp reproduction.

Leather covers won’t protect you from flame retardants. Blankets or slip covers won’t, either. But replacing your foam, and deep-vacuuming, will help a ton. Photo by Regina Ryerson.

 

Why haven’t laws protected us?

Deborah Blum writes in Well blog, “Flame retardants are regulated in the United States primarily by the 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act, which does not require studies of toxicity or long-term health effects for most industrial compounds before they are marketed”.

Thanks to GSP and other leaders, progress is underway. But meanwhile, most of us are living with this major health hazard.

Meanwhile, here’s what you can do.

 

Launch of the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange

Before running out and replacing your sofa, consider replacing your toxic foam with flame retardant free foam instead. You’ll save money! Not to mention, reusing your frame is less wasteful than landfilling it.

On June 17th, 2014, I attended the launch of Safer Sofa Foam Exchange, a pilot program created by GSP in partnership with local foam and upholstery businesses. The program, made possible by a new California standard, enables consumers in the San Francisco Bay Area to swap out their problem foam for new foam that’s flame retardant free.

The launch was hosted by Foam Order, one of the retailers in the San Francisco Bay Area participating in the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange.

Speaking about the importance of going flame retardant free were James Redford, Co-Producer of the documentary film Toxic Hot Seat; Arlene Blum and Stephen Naylor, scientists at GSP; and Tony Stefani, Chairman of San Francisco Firefighters Cancer Prevention Foundation. Also attending were representatives from the San Francisco Department of the Environment.

 

James Redford's latest directorial project, Toxic Hot Seat, is a documentary film that examines the potential health dangers of chemical flame retardants currently used in upholstered furniture made in the USA.

James Redford, co-producer of the HBO documentary Toxic Hot Seat, speaks at the launch of the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange in San Francisco June 17th, 2014. Photo: Regina Ryerson

 

How the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange Works

If you live in the San Francisco Bay Area, bring your flame retardant-treated seat cushions into a participating store. The store will replace your problem foam for foam that’s flame retardant free.

“Some sofas have polyurethane foam in the arms and backs, and foam in those areas will not be removed”, says Stephen Naylor. “Doing the foam exchange will remove 80-100% of flame retardants from your sofa”.

Foam collected through the program will be used for research into a responsible recycling or disposal solution for flame-retarded foams.

A portion of the sales through the program will be used to fund the research. At Foam Order, the portion is 10 percent. Learn more about disposing of your old foam.

Learn more about Safer Sofa Foam Exchange.

 

Foam options that are flame retardant free

GSP estimates a cost of $45.00 to $95.00 per flame retardant free foam cushion, depending on cushion size, and the type of foam you want.

At Foam Order, you can choose from natural latex foam, or conventional polyurethane foam. Both are flame retardant free.

I prefer natural latex, myself. Sure, it costs more up front. But according to O Ecotextiles blog, “Natural latex is both recyclable and biodegradeable, and is mold, mildew and dust mite resistant. It is not highly  flammable, and does not require fire retardant chemicals to pass the Cal 117 test. It has little or no off-gassing associated with it”.

Here’s another reason I prefer latex. Natural latex is made from a renewable natural resource, the rubber tree. Conventional polyurethane foam, on the other hand, is made from nonrenewable petroleum.

Natural latex foam is more durable than I’d assumed. “We guarantee our Natural Sense Organic Latex foam for ten years”, says Enrique.

 

Vote with your dollars!

One goal of the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange is to prove there’s a consumer demand for flame retardant free furniture. And to support retailers like Foam Order who are taking the lead.

A sofa’s made of more than its cushions, of course. And many other options are available.

For example, EcoTerric offers its Basal Living handcrafted collection. It uses “FSC certified hardwoods; chemical free natural upholstery options such as jute webbing; biodegradable, non-toxic rubber latex foam cushion; natural organic certified cotton…” EcoTerric, based in Sausalito, California, claims “lifetime durability” for its sofas. UPDATE 7/25/14: EcoTerric will soon have a new website, with many more products!

A great read on natural, flame retardant free options is Sofa Saga on Laura’s Rules blog. The blog’s creator, Laura MacCleery, is an attorney with Center For Science in the Public Interest, and a mom. Read about Laura’s epic research in Sofa Saga Part 5: A Happy Place to Sit. Laura finally settled on flame retardant free polyurethane foam, but researched many other options along the way.

 

Clean like your health, and your loved ones’ health depends on it. Because it does!

GSP offers resources for consumers, including the following cleaning tips.

  • Make sure to wash your hands frequently, and always before eating.
  • Keep dust levels down by damp dusting and wet mopping.
  • Vacuum regularly with a HEPA filter.
  • Open windows to improve indoor air quality.

Update 10/20/14: My vacuuming recommendation: Detail upholstery and beds, along with nooks and crannies throughout your house. And of course, your floors. The one machine that can do it all is a canister vacuum, vs upright.

Dusting and vacuuming stirs up dust. So, during these tasks, I wear an N95 particulate respirator. Not only for dust particles contaminated with flame retardants, but also for particles contaminated with any potentially toxic chemicals. Here’s a brand I use, simply because my neighborhood hardware store conveniently carries it.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, N95 filters at least 95% of airborne particles.  So I’m assuming N95 helps reduce my exposure to flame retardant-contaminated particles.

Flame retardants are not just about particles. They’re also semi-volatile, and N95 is ineffective against vapors. I don’t know how important the vapors are to our health. But at least I’m doing all I can on the particle front.

 

Where to learn more

Toxic Hot Seat film, co-produced by James Redford and Kirby Walker. Find out how the tobacco industry set up a fake firefighter’s association, to push for the TB 117 standard. That’s the standard that led toxic flame retardants getting into our foam.

Playing With Fire, Chicago Tribune’s six-part exposé on the flame retardant industry, May, 2012.

Green Science Policy Institute Resource Page. If there’s a single best place to start learning about healthy homes, this is it. Here you can also stay up-to-date with any new regulations.

Furniture without Flame Retardants: What the New Flammability Standard TB117-­‐2013 Means for You, Green Science Policy Institute.

Safer Sofa Foam Exchange Announced for Bay Area, Healthy Building Science, February 19, 2014. A great blog post by Healthy Building Science, a environmental testing service.

 

The most important thing you can do

Reach out to your family and friends about going flame retardants free. You just might help one more kid avoid developmental problems or cancer. And that’s just for starters.

 

Your turn

Have you opted for new and safer furniture? Or participated in the Safer Sofa Foam Exchange? What’s your experience been?

 

Author: Regina Ryerson

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27 Responses to Flame retardant free: Safer Sofa Foam Exchange

  1. Cecilia October 22, 2016 at 8:33 pm #

    Preach woman! I am so happy I found your site.

    I have a two year old and I have been on a CRUSADE to find a new couch. It seems like bedding has turned a corner, but furniture is lagging in eco options.

    You cannot know how many hours I’ve spent trying to find an affordable latex sectional sleeper sofa (unfort had to be a sleeper for my MIL). Does such a thing exist under $5K?

    I’m at the point of considering ripping up my IKEA friheten sofa and doing it myself (issue is the glue in the particle board is offgassing vocs, too, and making me sick).

    I will not buy foam, not even flame retardant free foam, because when it disintegrates, we still breathe it’s dust and I don’t want exposure to inorganic dust if I can help it.

    • Regina Ryerson October 23, 2016 at 9:40 pm #

      Thanks Cecilia, for your kudos. 🙂

      Balancing everyone’s needs in this situation does sound tricky!

      If you can’t find an affordable toxic-free sleeper sofa (I haven’t researched this), you have three basic options.

      OPTION 1

      Make your existing sofa safer for you, like it seems you’re considering. If you can access all the particle board surfaces on your existing Ikea, you could seal them w/ AFM Safe Seal to minimize offgassing. I did the same for my computer table. And for a customer’s built-in bedroom cabinets. We can now live w/ our pieces!

      Have you looked into high-density organic latex foam? It’s toxic-free, even when it eventually wears out.

      According to Foam Order, “High-density natural foam rubber—almost 6 lb/ft3—will last up to 30 years when properly encased”. “Our latex foam is certified 100% natural foam. It contains 97–99% natural tree sap and the remainder is composed of natural soaps and residuals from the manufacturing process”. And at the bottom of the page: “The batting around our organic cushions is a certified organic wool and the fabric around our organic cushions is certified organic cotton”.

      And yes, you’re smart to avoid polyurethane foam entirely. Because if I’m correct, it off-gasses when new or old.

      OPTION 2

      Buy a futon frame, made of solid wood, that converts into a bed. And swap out the cushions w/ high-density organic latex. I discovered these White Lotus natural frames through Debra Lynn Dadd’s toxic-free blog. https://www.whitelotushome.com/furniture/natural-futon-frames/

      OPTION 3

      Build your own sectional sleeper sofa w/ solid wood and high-density organic latex cushions. Search online for DIY sectional sleeper sofa plans. Or get estimates for someone building one for you. Or barter your services!

      Have I missed any options?

      Good luck Cecilia— and let us know how it turns out!

  2. lynn December 14, 2015 at 11:05 am #

    Does anyone know if flame retardants come out of the sofa when it is professionally cleaned? I would think they would, being that they use wet treatment on it with a suction like vacuum to get stains out. Is there any documentation on this that anyone is aware of that they could send my way? THANKS!!

    • Ann Conlon-Smith December 14, 2015 at 11:22 am #

      Not sure how this is possible since the fabric is less of a problem (toxin wise) than the foam filling of the cushions which would be unaffected by cleaning.

      • Regina December 14, 2015 at 12:10 pm #

        You’re right, Ann. The fabric’s less of a problem. Relatively speaking.

        If you’re considering reupholstering, check out OECOTEXTILES blog, if you haven’t already. It’s my go-to for researching hidden hazards in fabrics. And they even discuss foam.

    • Regina December 14, 2015 at 11:49 am #

      Lynn, I wish a professional cleaning would do the trick! Unfortunately it won’t, because it only takes care of the upholstery. It cannot clean inside the foam, where the flame retardants are escaping from. Even if someone tried, they could not dry out the foam completely afterward. That would result in a moldy cushion, which you’d have to dispose of. That’s one less hazardous cushion in your home, anyway! 🙂

      To confirm my answer, you can email Green Science Policy Institute. If I’m wrong, please comment here again, and let us all know!

      Swapping your foam out is a one-time expense, and the most affordable option out there.
      Hope this helps!

      • Rowena Finegan December 14, 2015 at 1:31 pm #

        This is Rowena from Eco-terric/Pine Street Natural Interiors. If you need more information about replacing your old sofa with a healthy, new one, please contact me: rowena@pinestreetinteriors.com. As Regina correctly stated, we have a shipping arrangement, for the East Coast, whereby the furniture is made in LA and shipped, free of charge, to our warehouse in North Carolina. You pay only the delivery/shipping fee from NC to your destination. We regularly work with people from all over the country and will be happy to answer any questions you may have about healthy home furnishings. Thanks for recommending me, Regina!

  3. April August 7, 2015 at 3:51 pm #

    I was told by Restoration Hardware that as of January 2015 their sofas will no longer contain Flame Retardants, so I happily purchased a sofa. Then today I received an email that states “Dear April,

    Thank you for contacting Restoration Hardware regarding order number 1116****.

    The flame retardant used in our upholstery foam is “Anti Blaze V6-LS”. The foam that we use is within the guidelines set by the Toxic Substances Control Act and all other regulations. All of our fabrics/leathers and wood finishes are compliant with state and federal regulations as to formaldehyde and chemical content.

    So, while we cannot guarantee that there are not small amounts of chemicals present as is allowed by law and customary in the industry, we can assure you that we are well within regulatory safety limits. It also meets 117 California codes for flame retardants.”

    Well, thats a lot different than “no flame retardants”. Buyers beware.

    • Regina August 7, 2015 at 8:38 pm #

      Thanks for the heads-up, April!

      When RH told you they’d no longer sell flame retardant-treated sofas as of Jan. 2015, was it in writing? If so, I’d return your new sofa right away, with RH’s claim in hand.

      If you can’t find proof of their claim, I’d try returning the sofa anyway. RH wants their customers to be happy. So it it may be worth a try, fingers crossed. And you may not be alone in having this happen!

      According to the Green Science Policy Institute, some lines of RH upholstered furniture are flame retardant free at this time. Sounds like not all.

      Please let us know how it went!

    • Rowena Finegan December 14, 2015 at 1:39 pm #

      This is Rowena again. I have had a number of clients who have recently purchased sofas from Restoration Hardware, who have had to take them back and come to me, because they can’t tolerate the chemicals in the furniture. The thing is, it’s not just flame retardants that are the problem, those are just the most notorious of the bunch. The fact is, most conventional home furnishings, from furniture, floor coverings, window coverings, fabrics, mattresses and bedding, paint….the list goes on, contain toxic chemicals. There are very few furnishings that do not contain toxic chemicals. And, just because it is pure wool or pure cotton does not mean that it doesn’t contain chemicals. It takes a lot of knowledge and research to know what to look for and what questions to ask. Please contact us if you have concerns. We are here to help! rowena@pinestreet interiors.com.

      • Regina December 14, 2015 at 1:57 pm #

        Good to know, Rowena. You’re a walking encyclopedia on the hidden hazards in textiles, and far more. Thanks for being among the first to alert us. And among the first to offer truly healthy and sustainable furnishings!

        True, healthy furnishings can cost more up front. But far less than the cost of diseases from endocrine-disrupting chemicals hidden everywhere in modern homes.

  4. B.M. December 29, 2014 at 11:28 am #

    Hi – thanks for this post. I am just discovering these issues with much of the furniture in our house. One of our sofas (from Restoration hardware) has all down filling in the cushions and pillows (not the back and arms though). Are down sofas naturally lower in flame retardants since there’s so much less foam? Or are they treated with the same chemicals in a different way? Thanks.

    • Regina December 29, 2014 at 2:22 pm #

      Great sleuthing job, B.M.!

      Any back or arm foam could be polyurethane, with toxic flame retardants. You could have your foam tested for free. Or, ask Restoration Hardware, if you still have your sofa’s model number.

      Good luck! We’d love to know how it all goes.

      P.S. Keep in mind that textiles, too, can be treated with chemicals. Learn more at O ECOTEXTILES blog. Lots of great research!

      • Rowena Finegan December 14, 2015 at 1:47 pm #

        Regina is correct. Very often, the flame retardants are sprayed on the ticking (the fabric under the cover fabric), just before the covers are put on. So, it’s not necessarily the foam. In any case, all the materials will have been contaminated by the chemicals, so if you are sensitive, you won’t be able to tolerate the furniture. As I mentioned in a previous response, there are many other chemicals in home furnishings, apart from FR, that you have to be careful of. Rowena

        • Regina December 14, 2015 at 2:25 pm #

          Thanks for clarifying, Rowena. I didn’t know that, about the ticking. In any case, even if you’re not sensitive to chemicals right now, you don’t want to be living w/ chemicals that can have major, long-term health effects. From any furnishings!

  5. Regina September 30, 2014 at 2:26 pm #

    Thanks, Ann, for posting your fab offer! Please post it on Twitter and FB too. I’ll share your post, as I’m following you in both places. Also, I’ve passed your offer along to Green Science Policy Institute, the org spearheading the flame retardant issue. I’m asking them where else you might post your offer. Here’s their link http://greensciencepolicy.org/topics/consumer-resources/

    Good luck, and thanks for providing a safer home for you kids!

  6. Ann Conlon-Smith September 28, 2014 at 6:36 am #

    Flame retardant free — chemical free — gorgeous brand new custom made sofa FOR SALE! We agonized for months, carefully choosing every part of this custom made sofa made for us by Lancaster Custom Crafted Upholstery. Its insides are solid maple kiln dried hardwood, complimented by eight way hand tied springs without any chemical treatment. The cushions, back, and arms are filled with 100% NATURAL LATEX. 86″ wide and 44″ deep with two cushions on seat and back. It is covered with a sturdy, resilient gray/beige wave patterned fabric. This is a gem and it is BRAND NEW, having just been delivered to our Raleigh, NC condo last week at last. BUT, in the meantime, our old sofa is being completely remade to meet our standards and there is no way that this large sofa will work with that one in the same room or with our chairs. We thought it would all work together, but it won’t. So please contact us if you would like to consider purchasing at a price way below any quotes I ever got from any of the flame-retardant free manufacturers. Our mistake is your gain at $3800. Pix available. Must be seen in Raleigh, NC. Ann 919-389-1599 aconsmith@aol.com

  7. Rowena Finegan July 26, 2014 at 4:04 pm #

    I thought I would add to Regina’s very generous comments above by adding a few of my own! Eco-terric’s (aka Pine Street Natural Interiors) standards of design, as well as our product choices, are based on the principles of Bau-biologie ™, which explores the effect of the built environment on human health.

    It’s important for those of us working in the arena of sustainable interiors for the past decade, and beyond, to educate not only our peers, but all those who cross our paths. Those who are sometimes ambivalent, sometimes skeptical and sometimes downright untrusting of what they fear may be just more “green-washing”. We must all continue to lead by example, to be passionate about what we do, and to work together in order to gain the necessary momentum that is required to turn this gigantic ship of unsustainable practices around.

    When we at Pine Street Interiors are choosing our products, we are adamant about what will pass muster for our clients. Many of our customers come to us out of sheer desperation because they can no longer live in their homes, due to the constant bombardment of VOCs, EMFs and radiation that are everywhere in our living spaces. We must encourage those businesses that are taking up the challenge, sometimes against great odds, to offer only those products that are healthy for ourselves, our environment and our planet.

    We have spent many years researching information specific to healthy home design; and we’ve done the legwork of vetting products and vendors to help make your selections easier. Please don’t hesitate to drop a line or call whenever you have a question about healthy living.

    Congratulations, Regina on you new BLOG!!!

    • Regina July 26, 2014 at 6:15 pm #

      Rowena, it takes pioneering designers like yourself, and pioneering retailers like Pine Street Natural Interiors, to bring consumers truly healthy options. I know you put years of research into your un-greenwashed products.

      Thanks for reminding us of the bigger picture here, about other hazards in our homes. In providing a healthier home for our loved ones, a healthy sofa is great place to start.

      Congrats on being the first designer and retailer to participate in this new blog! And for doing so in an educational way. Thanks for your congrats, too. 🙂

      • Rowena Finegan December 14, 2015 at 1:53 pm #

        Thanks,Regina. I am sorry it has taken me so long to see and respond to these encouraging comments! “Fraid I’ve been busy helping people with their homes. It is such a big problem; sometimes I wish I could just keep posting all the comments, questions and problems that come my way, but that wouldn’t be very realistic :). Rowena

        • Regina December 14, 2015 at 2:07 pm #

          I really get it, Rowena. Your customers come first! 🙂

  8. aconsmith July 25, 2014 at 11:41 am #

    Help those of us NOT in California! We need resources for flame retardant free, natural latex sofas. I’m in NC and have been totally frustrated in my search here. Thanks

    • Regina July 26, 2014 at 2:24 pm #

      Aconsmith, are you looking to buy an entirely new sofa w/ pure latex foam? If so, Eco Terric, which I’ve discussed in this post, has a shipping point right there in NC. Rowena, the owner, really knows her stuff, and provides hand-holding for customers who need that. You can call Rowena at 415-331-9323, or email her at rowena@pinestreetinteriors.com. Or, if you have time to research other companies, you’ll find a list at Green Science Policy Institute, which I also included in my post.

      Or, do you just want to swap out your seat cushions w/ pure latex foam? Swapping is more affordable, and will remove 80-100% of flame retardants from your sofa. Shop around for reupholstery shops near you, and ask if they carry flame retardant free 100% pure latex foam. If they don’t, you can have latex foam shipped from Foam Order to the shop, if the reupholstery shop owner is willing.

      Please let us know what you discover, so readers from all over the U.S. can benefit!

      BTW, congrats! You’re the very first commenter on this brand-new blog! Which is my first blog. 🙂

      • Rowena Finegan December 14, 2015 at 1:56 pm #

        Yes, Anna and I did connect, thanks to your recommendation, Regina. I am glad you are finding ways to resolve at lease some of the problems, Anna! Rowena

        • Regina December 14, 2015 at 2:10 pm #

          Glad you two connected, Rowena and Ann (I think it’s Ann). Healthier homes, a little bit at a time. 🙂

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